3 Things to Know About Cataracts

Typically effecting those older in age,  cataracts is an eye disease that clouds the vision and causes a sort of fuzzy/blurry effect. Linked to genetics, diabetes, alcohol, tobacco, and other things, cataracts is one of the most common eye diseases to affect those of older age.  If you or a loved one is suffering from fuzzy vision and are noticing a cloud-like appearance over your eye, you may be suffering from cataracts.

  1. Types of Cataracts

There are three types of cataracts that you could be suffering from.

  • Subcapsular cataracts occur at the back of the lens and typically affect those with diabetes or those who have taken high doses of steroid medications.
  • Nuclear cataracts are typically associated with aging and form deep in the central zone (nucleus) of the lens.
  • Cortical cataracts occur in the part of the lens that surrounds the core and is characterized by white opacities.
  1. Cataract Treatment

When first diagnosed with cataracts and depending on the type and severity of the condition, your doctor may simply prescribe a strong bifocal or lens for you to wear, to see if your eyes will make the according adjustments needed.

However, the most effective treatment for cataracts is surgery. During the surgery, the doctor will completely remove the clouded lens and replace it with a clear lens called an intraocular lens or an IOL.

  1. Cataract Prevention

Although there isn’t any scientific evidence pointing to the prevention of cataracts, some scientists believe that by following basic health principles like healthy eating and exercise, quitting smoking, reducing alcohol consumption, and wearing sunglasses, all lead to the prevention of cataracts.

Plus, just the overall health benefits of taking care of your body are tremendous enough to get in the habit of practicing, even if there is no scientific evidence of cataract prevention.

Old age can have a toll on every part of the human body, including the eyes. Although there isn’t much scientific evidence surrounding the cause and prevention of cataracts, there is still enough information to know about this disease that can help people make better choices and know when it’s time to visit a doctor.

To schedule an appointment or to learn more about cataracts, contact our office today.

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