Cataracts

Cataract Treatment in Oklahoma and Midwest City

At Precision Vision, we are committed to providing you with the best vision possible. Often the vision becomes limited by a clouding in the natural lens – a cataract. When glasses or contacts can no longer provide adequate vision, advanced cataract surgery may be the answer. We not only remove the cataract but we offer you the ability to have your prescription corrected as well. Combining the latest technology of laser cataract surgery with advanced intra-ocular lenses, freedom from glasses may be a reality.

Precision Vision offers the latest advancements in your post-op care with options that may include limited or even no post-op drops.  Ask about drop-less cataract surgery as well.

What are Cataracts?

A cataract is the progressive clouding of the eye’s natural lens, which disrupts light passing through the pupil to the back of the eye (retina). Over time a cataract leads to diminished sight in the affected eye and eventually to blindness if untreated. Cataracts are the leading cause of preventable blindness in the world.

The lens of the eye is mostly made of water and protein.  The protein is arranged in a precise way that keeps the lens clear and allows light to pass through it. A cataract is formed when the lens becomes less transparent, less flexible and thickens as a person ages – or is exposed to other cataract causing factors. These changes cause the protein within the lens to break down and clump together, clouding areas of the lens, that clouding is a cataract.

A cataract, if significant enough, can prevent a clear/defined image focused from the cornea, through the lens from reaching the retina – the image received by the retina is then carried by the optic nerve to the brain. If the image received by the retina is not well-defined, a patient may experience mild to severe visual impairment, or blindness. Blindness from cataracts can be treated by cataract surgery.

What Causes Cataracts to Form?

Cataracts can be linked to numerous causes, including:

  • Genetics – if you have had relatives develop cataracts, your chance of developing a cataract is higher than those who do not have a family history of cataracts.
  •  Medical Conditions – Systemic medical conditions such as diabetes, result in a higher instance of cataract development. As blood sugar, or glucose, elevates it can affect the cells and naturally-occurring proteins of the lens causing the lens to become less clear, and more opaque. Other ocular conditions or diseases that require steroid treatment may result in a higher likelihood of  developing cataracts also.
  • Long-term use of medications – Long-term use of some medications, particularly steroids – either oral or topical, can increase a patients risk of developing a cataract.
  • Aging –  As a person ages, and the proteins of the lens break down, they will develop a cataract. In addition to aging alone, the older a patient gets, the more exposure they get to cataract causing factors: UV rays/Sunlight and age-related medical/ocular conditions and the medicines used to treat the conditions.

Because the exact cause of a cataract is often uncertain there is no proven method in preventing them. However, patients should limit UV light exposure to the eye, avoid smoking, take a good multi-vitamin, eat foods that are rich in antioxidants and receive regular eye examinations.

What are my Options for Cataract Treatment?

In the early stages of cataract development, treatment is very conservative. Because there is no means of reversing or removing a cataract except for surgery, usually updating a patients glasses or contact lens prescription will keep their vision at an acceptable level eliminating the need for immediate surgery. The cataract needs to be removed when the vision loss from a cataract interferes with activities like navigation around the house, driving, watching TV, or reading. In cataract surgery the eyes natural lens (now a cataract) is safely removed from the eye and an artificial intraocular lens (IOL) is implanted in its place. Advances in technology allow many of the important steps in cataract surgery to be performed with the precision and safety  of a laser. At the time of the cataract evaluation, additional testing may be performed to determine candidacy for LenSx laser cataract surgery and/or  the option drop-less cataract surgery.

Read more about the Cataract Surgical Options provided by Precision Vision:

Is Cataract Surgery Safe?

Modern cataract surgery is one of the safest and most widely performed surgeries in the United States, and Dr. Pickard has personally been preforming traditional cataract surgery since 1993, and LenSx laser cataract surgery since 2014, providing more than 1,000 patients advanced laser cataract surgery using the LenSx laser. As with any surgery, cataract surgery poses some risks, such as bleeding, infection, and loss of vision. To reduce such risks, the surgeon may have patients stop certain medications, begin antibiotic drops before surgery, and continue drops for a period of time after surgery. Some common side effects are dry eyes, tearing, and blurred vision for the first few hours after surgery, and redness of the eye.

What to Expect After Cataract Surgery?

Immediately after cataract surgery, the patient will go in to a post-operative area, where they and their family member will be given post-operative instructions. Patients will purchase a post-op kit that will contain an eye shield with tape (worn at night for the first week after cataract surgery) and fit-over sunglasses. We ask that patients bring this kit to all of their post-op appointments. Post-op appointments usually occur within the first 24 hours after cataract surgery – either the same day of surgery or the next day – 1 week after surgery, then about one month later. There aren’t many restrictions after modern cataract surgery, but patients are instructed not to rub their eye and to avoid getting anything in their eye other than indicated eye drops.

Patients will need to refrain from work/activities the day of surgery, but if they are comfortable with their vision, they may return to work the following day, and resume most activities they were doing before cataract surgery. Some patients will need to, or may prefer to take 1 week off of work – depending on their vision.It is not uncommon for patients to have some fluctuation in vision, dry eyes, redness, few floaters, and tearing throughout the post-operative period.

Patients that have Traditional Cataract Surgery with a monofocal lens implant will most likely need glasses after surgery. While the patient will likely not be completely dependent upon glasses for all ranges of vision, they will still need them at least part-time. LenSx Laser Cataract Surgery patients who receive a premium lens designed to give a full range of vision have the best chance of being independent of glasses. There are multiple types of Premium Lenses to choose from, each with different strengths in regards to the range(s) of vision they offer. Your surgeon will discuss all options and make a recommendation for you at the time of your cataract consultation in order to meet your visual goal.

Schedule A Consultation

If you are interested in cataracts treatment, contact our office today! Call (405) 733-4545 to schedule a consultation with one of our eye doctors.